Updated: Nov 28, 2022
What damages are victims entitled to after DUI Accidents In California?
DUI, or “driving under the influence,” is one of the leading causes of traffic accidents in California and the United States. Alcohol impedes multiple body functions, including one’s ability to see or discern their surroundings.
That said, let's look at your options after getting into an accident with a drunk driver. Here's what you and your DUI Defense Attorney in Los Angeles can do about it.
This endangers the driver and the passengers, and the people who might be hurt when the DUI leads to a car crash. Whether you are a passenger of a drunk driver or are in another car that’s been crashed into, any injuries you might come away with are grounds for a Personal Injury case.
What’s Being Done About Drunk Drivers?
Sobriety checks are used to assess whether or not someone is intoxicated. On rare occasions, police officers will make traffic arrests based on the idea that a driver is drunk. The officer can sometimes tell this based on how badly the driver is driving. The officer may demand that the driver complete a field sobriety test to check for intoxication.
In most situations, an officer will ask for authorization to perform the tests. All examples involve walking in a straight line (heel-toe), standing on one foot while counting aloud, and letting the suspect follow a pen with their eyes. The officer might use a breathalyzer or, in some cases, take the suspected driver to a hospital for a urinalysis.
Can a Driver Refuse?
Drivers may refuse to take these exams, but there are legal implications under the “implied consent” rules. The premise is that by signing papers to register for a driver’s license and then driving on the road, drivers have consented to alcohol and chemical tests if they are stopped by law enforcement.
They will face penalties if they fail to agree to such testing, which varies from state to state. In Massachusetts, for example, a six-month license suspension is compulsory, but this does not imply liability in the event of a court case.
Any driver with a BAC of 0.08 or higher is considered driving illegal in all states. This means that no additional evidence is needed. This is what the district attorney needs to charge them with driving under the influence.
This does not rule out the likelihood of a driver being convicted even though his blood alcohol content (BAC) is less than 0.08. A police officer can testify to a driver’s erratic driving and may pull out CCTV and other supporting evidence of recklessness.
Consequences of DUI Accidents In California
They face harsh punishments that begin with probation and progress to community service, fines, and eventually prison time.
The driver’s prior convictions will determine the severity of the penalties. Is he a repeat offender? Was he driving at the time with a kid in the car? Was there any harm to the property? Was he behind the wheel of a commercial vehicle? Is someone dead? Was he old enough to drink legally?
There will be a simultaneous effect on the accused driving rights and criminal penalties. When drivers operate over the state limit for alcohol or fail to submit to drug tests, states grant their motor vehicle departments the authority to revoke their licenses. They can also impound vehicles and charge the driver for any expenses incurred as a result. What’s the best part? This happens before a DUI conviction. In most cases, a driver may seek a temporary driver’s license while arguing for their driving privileges to be restored in the meantime.
Many states now require penalized drivers to use a car interlock system (also known as an ignition interlock), which tests a driver’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and immobilizes the vehicle if it detects alcohol. The driver will be responsible for the interlock device's rental, installation, and maintenance, much as the car will be impounded.
What is an Ignition Interlock?
When it comes to a first-time offender with a BAC of.20 or higher, the judge must heavily consider this decision before enforcing this sentence. If the judge orders the restriction, the length of time will be decided by the judge, but it will not be more than three years.
An individual who is convicted of a second DUI within the last ten years may be given a restricted driver’s license (if they apply), which allows them to drive only if the vehicle is fitted with an ignition interlock system. Second-time offenders can only apply for this restricted license after serving a suspension or revocation period of 12 months. If the application is approved, the restriction will be in place for at least the remainder of the suspension.
Laws Related To DUI Accidents In California
The conditions for driving under the influence (DUI) and driving while intoxicated (DWI) in California differ. The driver’s age determines the fee and whether the car is personal or commercial. You will be charged with DUI or DWI in the state if you are:
Over the age of 21, with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher
Under the age of 21 and with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.01 percent or higher
Operating or driving a commercial vehicle with a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.04 percent or higher is illegal.
For drivers under the age of 21, California has a zero-tolerance blood alcohol policy. Drivers in this age group that are found to have some amount of alcohol in their system will be charged with DUI.
A DUI charge involves driving while inebriated and driving after consuming illicit drugs. Suppose they drive and are flagged or trigger an accident when taking over-the-counter or prescription medication with known side effects such as sleepiness, disorientation, general impairment, and similar conditions. In that case, they may be prosecuted for DUI.
Contact a Los Angeles DUI Defense Attorney to build the best case for you. The more evidence you have, the better you'll be able to forward your claim.
For Commercial Drivers
The first time a commercial driver commits a DUI, they may be barred from driving a commercial vehicle for one year, in addition to other penalties as per California’s DUI laws. The revocation period would be three years if the DUI was committed while the driver was in a motor vehicle carrying dangerous materials. If a commercial driver is convicted of a second DUI, they may be banned from running a commercial vehicle for the remainder of their life, which may or may not be shortened to ten years.
For Driving Under the Age of 21
An individual under the age of 21 is prohibited from driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of.01 or higher under California’s Zero Tolerance Rule. While nothing prevents an underage DUI driver from being charged under adult DUI rules, first-time offenders over the age of 18 will have their driving privileges revoked and will be required to complete an alcohol education program. After presenting evidence of successful program completion, the offender’s driver’s license may be restored.
What Happens if You Were Injured in a DUI Incident?
If you were injured directly by someone driving under the influence, you might have a solid Personal Injury claim.
When someone hurts or injures someone else, usually because they didn't act with reasonable care or caution in a given situation, the person hurt can file a personal injury lawsuit. Any personal injury case will have its own set of factors, and it can be challenging to determine how each person will treat a claim.
However, most cases of injuries caused by DUI accidents in California are pretty straightforward. Suppose the defendant is found to be illegally driving under the provisions of California Law, and their negligence has to lead to any of your injuries. In that case, you already have a strong claim. However, the types of compensation you are entitled to collect are solely dependent on how the case is handled in court.
In this context, negligence is characterized as one party’s failure to uphold a duty of care in a given case, and it is a critical component of any personal injury litigation. The negligent party’s insurance policy is usually responsible for the victim’s pain and suffering, medical costs, and ongoing medical expenses.
Make sure to contact a prescreened Los Angeles DUI Lawyer to make sure you have a solid case and get the compensation you deserve.
What Constitutes a Personal Injury Claim?
You could be entitled to file a complaint if you were injured or hurt due to someone else’s negligence, carelessness, or misconduct.
Negligence in Personal Injury Cases
The term “negligence” is most often described as the inability to exercise appropriate caution. To win a personal injury case, a plaintiff or survivor and their Los Angeles Personal Injury Lawyer must prove that the defendant in the claim was liable for indirectly causing the plaintiff’s injuries.
It’s important to identify the breach of duty of care and include a thorough breakdown of all costs resulting from the breach. One of the most critical aspects of securing full compensation in your lawsuit is proving the other party’s responsibility in the case. Most accident and injury cases would hinge on demonstrating the defendant's negligence.
However, a DUI, if proven after an investigation, is already considered an act of negligence. After this, the next step would be to calculate and quantify the damages you need to be compensated for.
Your California Attorney For Personal Injury will warn you of any circumstances in your case that can make the legal process more complicated as you establish your personal injury claim. Personal injury claimants in California face several problems, including unpredictable liability among various parties and comparative negligence.
What Are the Payable Damages?
According to California law, there are two types of damages for Car Accident Claims: economic and non-economic damages.
Economic Damages refer to ‘tangible losses.’ These can easily be itemized and summed up by a financial specialist. This includes all the monetary losses that came with the incident. In most cases, future losses can be counted, too, as long as your Los Angeles Personal Injury Attorney can prove it in court.
Here are examples of economic damages:
Lost property (including your car or any items in your possession that have been destroyed as a result of the incident)
Lost wages or salaries
Reduced capacity to earn
Recovery and rehabilitation costs
Non-economic Damages are ‘more intangible’ losses. This includes everything that cannot easily be quantified, like Economic Damages, because they are often ‘Human Damages.’ These may take the form of mental and psychological disorders that you would not have had without the injury.
Physical and mental disabilities
Anxiety and Depression
Embarrassment or shame
Loss of relationships
Loss of enjoyment of life
How Do You Quantify Pain and Suffering?
Even the most serious injuries warrant proof of pain and suffering. You and your legal team can do this in several different ways:
The injured party will still testify to how much and how long they were in pain.
The doctor, as well as family and friends, will testify to the injured party’s pain.
Evidence that the injured party obtained medical assistance for their pain and suffering is important in court and during mediation proceedings.
As a condition, pain and suffering damages awarded must be fair or reasonable, but there are no fixed limits to how much you can sue for. Under Jury Instruction CACI 3905A, the jury is advised that there is no fixed standard and that they must determine a “reasonable sum” based on the jury’s “common sense.”
The California legislature has agreed that the state’s citizens should determine what is and is not “fair.” This means that there is no complex legal standard; all that matters is that it is fair and reasonable. While specific approaches have been used in the past, the lack of a true guideline still leaves much room for confusion.
Determining a “reasonable sum” is ultimately very subjective. It is left to the hands of your Best Personal Injury Attorney in Los Angeles and the jury, who happens to be there when your case is forwarded.
How Pain and Suffering as Justified as Quantifiable Damages
The victim must be compensated for each day and each succeeding day of suffering. This is the most straightforward approach. For the wounded person, there are no days off. The damages should represent the fact that pain happens regularly and does not end after the plaintiff has been discharged from the hospital.
Not experiencing pain has a price. When you have a toothache, you pay to go to the dentist to stop the pain. When you go hungry, you expend money on food. When you are involved in an accident caused by a reckless driver and are permanently disfigured or disabled due to it, the price for stopping the pain is high.
This is why the jury often allows for a significant payout for pain and suffering and considers the price fair, reasonable, and sufficient. The medical industry does pose some exorbitant prices.
Many of the above points have the potential to persuade. Nonetheless, the sum of the pain and suffering compensation will be decided by the jury, with the only criteria being “fair and reasonable.” This is why getting a good Los Angeles Car Accident Lawyer will help get what’s rightfully “fair,” especially in decisions backed by subjective judgment.
Punitive Damages and How You Can Be Compensated
Punitive damages, also known as exemplary damages, are damages given to a plaintiff in a personal injury lawsuit in addition to the other damages mentioned above. These damages are typically awarded at the judge's discretion and intended to punish a criminal who has committed egregious or surprising acts.
This form of commensurable damage is rare but not unheard of. Proof that the defendant or at-fault party behaved with intent, oppression, or fraud is necessary under Civil Code Section 3294. Punitive damages may also be awarded to prevent a criminal from behaving in the same manner in the future.
Punitive damages can be awarded to a company whose acts were reckless, endangered many customers, and should have been prevented. This may occur when a corporation fails to supervise a product’s production process or knowingly introduces a faulty product into the marketplace, considering its illegality or the risk of serious injury if used.
On the other hand, many states restrict the number of punitive damages that a plaintiff may obtain in a personal injury case. “Damage limits” are the terms used to describe these restrictions. Damage limits are typically governed by state legislation.
A plaintiff must be able to prove that the defendant’s conduct constituted deception, oppression, or malice to be liable for punitive damages in a personal injury case in California. The requirement of proof that a plaintiff must meet in these circumstances is “simple and compelling facts.” Based on which side has more weighty proof, the need for seeking punitive damages is much more difficult to follow than the standard for obtaining real damages.
Finally, unlike many other jurisdictions, California does not impose a cap on the number of punitive damages that can be paid in a personal injury case. According to the Due Process Provision and Supreme Court precedent, punitive damages would somewhat equate to compensatory damages granted to the plaintiff in such cases.
As a result, all punitive damages payments in personal injury lawsuits in California must, at the very least, be equal to the real sum of damages.
Other things to consider:
1. You cannot sue for punitive damages alone
The plaintiff had to have caused “substantial damage” before they could qualify for punitive damages. Before you can sue for punitive damages, you will have to have been awarded economic and non-economic damages. You cannot start by seeking compensation for punitive damages at the start of the trial.
2. The court will consider the defendant's net worth/income
Punitive damages should bear an “equal relationship” to the real accident, but that ratio would not bind the jury. It’s once again a matter of what the jury finds to be fair. This is a way to deter wealthier individuals and corporations from committing the same negligence. The richer the defendant, the more they will have to pay for damages.
Compensation for Past and Future Expenses
Car Accident Claims, particularly ones that have severe monetary and physical effects on the victim, involve asking the court for compensation for all that you have lost due to the injury. This means that you may be able to recover not only the past and current expenses but also the future expense and difficulties said injuries would cost you moving forward.
Current and Future Medical Treatments
Emergency medical attention at the scene of the crash and follow-ups, such as physical therapy, are added to the possible damages you might want to demand. The complainant will prove this in court through sufficient evidence of the medical bills. The plaintiff can establish the treatment’s necessity by witness testimony, preferably that of the treating physician, but if they are unavailable, an expert witness can testify to the treatment’s need.
The complainant must show that any alleged medical expenses are fair compared to the cost and necessity of the care they received. They must prove that the following medical costs were incurred to be entitled to compensation for future medical expenses:
The compensation they are demanding is fair and reasonable
The procedures, medication, and rehabilitation are proved necessary in restoring the victim’s quality of life
Proof of treatments that the victim will need in the future
To prove this evidence in court, medical expert testimony is needed. The testimony to prove the compensation’s price doesn’t have to come from the treating physician; an expert in economics is considered eligible. Medical expert evidence would, however, be needed to explain future medical expenses.
In California, private insurance can collect medical costs as losses. In other words, medical costs are not purely monetary in nature. Special and economic damages may be sought for the plaintiff’s insurance costs.
As a result, plaintiffs are entitled to reimbursement for medical costs such as:
‘out-of-pocket’ expenses for treatment of the injury
Other possible reimbursement claims
Make sure your Los Angeles DUI Attorney knows all the facts, so they can effectively help you get the compensation you deserve. A Car Accident Lawyer in Los Angeles can help collect evidence, file the right paperwork, and properly represent you in negotiations.
Proving A Loss in Future Income/Wage
Was your injury stopping you from working? The loss of earnings includes any salaries, commissions, incentives, or other financial earnings or fringe benefits that would have been accrued if the accident had not occurred. Many who have already worked will regain any earnings that have been lost or will be lost due to their absence.
As proof of missed earnings, salary stubs, paychecks, wage receipts, and other records are gathered and presented to the court. Colleagues, accountants, and clients of the injured person will also testify to corroborate the documentation and provide a better basis for the jury’s decision.
All of the above, which the injured party would have gotten if the injury hadn’t happened, is factored into the potential earnings loss. Benefits such as social security are often considered for the time or years that should have been contributed but were not. It’s important to bear in mind that damages are to place the injured person in the same position as if the accident never existed.
The criterion for claiming missed future earnings is the same as for proving future medical expenses: you must prove that the future earnings were reasonably likely to occur even though the accident did not occur.
To prove that the earnings were almost certain to occur, the injured would show two things:
how long will they be unable to return to their former job or jobs in general?
What they would have earned if the injury hadn’t happened?
In most cases, your legal team will use the testimony of a medical specialist to decide how long it will take them to return to their previous career or any job. They should be able to give a clinical opinion about how long the injury would prohibit the individual from functioning in general or at the same level as before.
Calculating the Long-Term Impacts on Your Work Ability
Another example is when a victim’s ability to function has been seriously reduced. In simpler terms, a person would be unable to function in general or at the same level as before the injury.
Suppose the injured party can competently testify about what they might have. In that case, the court may call an economic consultant or an expert in the field of jobs to measure a fair yet equitable estimate of their earnings.
Many factors are included in this investigation, including the injured party’s actual earnings at the time of the accident, his or her chances of promotion, his or her life expectancy, overall economic patterns, and the economic trends of the injured party’s career. It's important that your Car Accident Lawyer in Los Angeles knows all relevant details, so they can properly calculate your losses.
If the injury is serious enough that the injured person may be unable to pursue their expected career, they are therefore entitled to compensation. In this case, the damages amount should represent the amount that would have been received minus the amount that the injured party would receive from any alternative jobs, if that is even possible.
The jury would need an economist’s expert witness testimony to show how much would have been gained. When determining whether or not the injured person intends to pursue a career, a variety of factors are considered. Obviously, witnesses familiar with the injured party’s intentions and how far the injured party has progressed in implementing those plans are critical.
You should also be compensated for the previously stated “intangible losses.” While it may be in your best interests to settle your case on your own, you should wait until you are confident you have completely recovered (you won’t be able to get much later if your pain returns) and have at least spoken with a credible Personal Injury Lawyers in Los Angeles who will give you an honest opinion of whether hiring a Los Angeles Auto Accident Attorney to represent you is worth it.
If you have more severe injuries or are now recovering from the consequences, it is strongly recommended that you should not consider an insurance company’s offer to settle.
What do you do in the event of a wrongful death?
Suppose you or a family member is involved in an accident that results in the death of one or more individuals. In that case, you can pursue various legal options besides Personal Injury. This is possible in most DUI cases, considering how much a drunk driver’s senses are hampered while intoxicated.
In California, you can sue for damages if someone dies due to someone else’s negligence. However, only if you are one of the following:
The victim’s spouse or registered intimate partner
The victim’s children who are still alive
Any of the victim’s grandchildren may be a suspect.
If the victim’s parents and stepchildren were financially dependent on the victim (and there were no living children, siblings, or other relatives who would have inherited from the victim if the victim died without a will)
If the accident victim did not die immediately, your California Auto Accident Lawyer could bring a survival case alongside a wrongful death lawsuit. Every beneficiary of the victim’s estate is entitled to a portion of the payout if the victim’s estate files a survival act.
In most survival act settlements, the following things are normally included:
A community property stake in the victim’s spouse’s potential earnings
Other financial losses incurred by family members that would have been candidates for assistance if the deceased had not been killed
The victim loses love, companionship, security, affection, and social and moral support.
In the case of a spouse or domestic partner, the loss of gratification from sexual intercourse with the victim
The victim loses the capacity to look after their children
The victim’s pain and suffering and economic damages such as treatment expenses and income loss are included in survival compensation between the time of the accident and the time of death.
Your Car Accident Lawyer in Los Angeles will be able to help your surviving family get the compensation they need to get back on their feet.
Do Damage Caps Exist Under California Law?
In certain jurisdictions, the amount of money a personal injury survivor will obtain in compensation for their losses is capped. “Damage caps” are the words used to define these limitations. In California, the amount of money an individual may claim for economic damages after an accident is not limited. Medical expenses, missed earnings, monetary costs, and other compensatory damages are all protected by this policy.
The amount of money an individual may be paid for pain and suffering damages, also known as non-economic damages, has no caps in most personal injury cases. If you have experienced injury, wrongful death, or the survival of a loved one, then you can sue for as much damage as possible.
Do You Need A Los Angeles Car Accident Attorney?
Since filing Car Accident Claims for DUI accidents in California necessitates advanced expertise and familiarity with the California legal system, as well as a detailed understanding of how to file personal injury cases, you can never file a personal injury lawsuit without the assistance of a California Car Accident Lawyer.
In these cases, the fees you would pay a Car Accident Lawyer in Los Angeles to represent you would be well worth it. This is because, in some cases, only a skilled Auto Accident Attorney in Los Angeles can get you the monetary compensation you deserve for your injuries and other damages caused by your accident.
Working with a California Personal Injury Attorney who practices in your county is always a smart idea. Aside from the ease of getting a Car Accident Lawyer in California close to your home, it’s also good to recognize that they’ve filed personal injury cases in the Los Angeles, Orange, and San Diego county court systems.
1000Attorneys.com offers a referral service that will match you with an attorney who can best handle your case. If you are unsure about proceeding with your Car Accident Claims, there’s also a 24/7 live chat for a team to review your case’s details.