How To Find The Best Criminal Defense Attorney In Los Angeles County.
A case between a person and the state of California is called criminal case. If the defendant is found guilty of the alleged offenses, he/she is punishable by a fine, time in prison, or both.
The Sixth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States guarantees the following protections for the accused:
The right of an unbiased state and district jury to a speedy and public trial in which the crime was claimed to have been committed.
The right to be told about the essence of the allegation and its cause.
The right of the witnesses against the defendant to be confronted.
The right to have those witnesses cross-examined against him.
The right to appear in his favor to subpoena witnesses.
The right to the support of counsel for his or her safety.
The following constitutional rights must be surrendered when a defendant files a plea of guilty or nolo contendere (no contest) to a charge:
Right to judge or jury trial
Right to confront witnesses and cross-examine them
Right of witnesses to subpoena
What Is A California Criminal Court?
In cases alleging violations of California statute (e.g., Criminal Code) and local codes, the Superior Court has jurisdiction. Charges in the county in which the suspected breach of the law occurred are normally heard. Alleged infringements bear fines that fall into three classifications:
Infractions in California are punishable by a fine, traffic school, or any form of community service for traffic offenses.
In California, misdemeanors are offenses that are punishable by up to a year in prison, a fine of up to $1000, or both.
Felonies are punishable by incarceration or death in a state jail. As of October 1, 2011, Assembly Bills 109 and 117 (AB 109/117) establish sentences to be served in the county jail on felony convictions for designated non-violent, non-serious, non-sex offenders previously served their time in state jail.
The Superior Court, representing the Citizens of the State of California, can hear cases brought by the prosecutor:
The City Attorney charges infringement and misdemeanor offenses found to occur within city limits.
Within county limits, the County District Attorney prosecutes crimes, misdemeanors, and felonies. The District Attorney can also serve towns that do not have a City Attorney in Los Angeles County.
In any California county, the State Attorney General may prosecute cases.
What is infraction?
infraction charges are not punishable by incarceration. An individual charged with an offense has no right to:
Trial by Jury