The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

Updated: Oct 8

Learn About The EEOC And How You Can File A Claim In California

The ( EEOC) United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is the agency responsible for implementing federal laws that make it unlawful for a job applicant or employee to be discriminated against because of race, color, religion, sex ( including pregnancy, transgender identity, and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability, or individual genetic details.

Many employers with at least 15 workers (20 workers in age discrimination cases) are protected by EEOC laws in California. Also included are most trade unions and job agencies. All forms of job conditions are protected by the legislation, including recruiting, termination, promotions, abuse, training, salaries, and benefits.


The EEOC is empowered to investigate allegations of discrimination against employees protected by the legislation. Their role in an investigation is to examine the facts in the charge objectively and accurately and then make a judgment. If we notice that there has been prejudice, we will try to resolve the allegation.

The EEOC has the power to file a complaint to defend the rights of individuals and the interests of the public if they are not successful and to litigate a limited percentage of these cases.

The EEOC examines many factors when deciding to file a lawsuit, such as the strength of the facts, the concerns in the case, and the broader effect the lawsuit could have on the EEOC's efforts to address discrimination in the workplace.

Via outreach, education, and technical assistance services, the EEOC also works to eliminate discrimination before it happens.

The EEOC offers federal agencies leadership and guidance on all facets of the federal government's equal employment opportunities policy.

EEOC ensures compliance of federal agencies and departments with EEOC legislation, provides federal agencies with technical assistance about EEO complaint adjudication, tracks and reviews affirmative Federal agencies' jobs programs, produces and distributes educational materials for the federal sector and conducts stakeholder training, provides advice and assistance to an Administrative Judge.

Laws & Guidance

  • Federal regulations ban discrimination in the workplace and are implemented by the EEOC. These are passed by and signed by the President by Congress.

  • Federal employment discrimination rules are implemented by legislation.

  • Once the public has a formal opportunity to provide input to the EEOC, they are voted on by the Board. Find our existing regulations, read and comment on the proposed regulations, and see the link above for our regulatory agenda.

  • EEOC Subregulatory Guidance lays out official agency policies and outlines how the laws and regulations protect particular job conditions. Before the Commission votes on these papers, the EEOC seeks and collects input from the public in a number of ways.

  • Commission Decisions & Letters of Commission Opinion. Commission decisions refer to a particular charge of discrimination if the Commission votes to convey the official agency's policy to be enforced by the EEOC in similar cases. In federal employee discrimination grievances, they should not be confused with EEOC federal sector appeal rulings. The Commission Opinion Letters are accepted by the Commission's vote and thus reflect the Commission's official stance. They should not be mistaken for letters of informal conversation given by EEOC workers.

  • Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) clarify how, when their regulatory roles overlap, two or more entities can collaborate and communicate. The Commissioners' majority must approve MOUs affecting other federal agencies. The EEOC is also entering into MOUs with international embassies and consulates to improve cooperation on job discrimination issues.

  • Informal Dialog Letters respond to the public's circumstance-specific concerns and to public comment requests from other agencies reported in the Federal Register. They are written in the Office of Legal Counsel by staff and are not official opinions of the Commission.

  • EEOC Rules on the Workplace Not Enforced: Federal legislation banning discrimination or governing problems in the workplace that the EEOC does not enforce.

EEOC Los Angeles District Office

Roybal Federal Building

255 East Temple St., 4th Floor

Los Angeles,CA90012


How To Find A California Employment Attorney Specialized in EEOC Claims?

You can submit your employment claim for review 24 hours a day online or by calling the 24 hour employee rights hotline at 1-661-310-7999. Your case will be reviewed FREE of charge within 15 minutes. Additionally, you'll get an unbiased referral to a California employment lawyer near your location experienced in EEOC claims for a consultation at no cost to you.

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